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NFPA standards for protective apparel.

The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) develops, publishes and disseminates consensus codes and performance standards intended to minimize the possibility and effects of fire and other risks. Shown here is a an overview of the NFPA standards that apply specifically to protective apparel, along with details on our products certified to these standards. If you need additional information on NFPA or other technical issues, please contact Customer Service at 1-800-600-4019 or email customerservice@kappler.com.

Overview of NFPA Standards
  NFPA 1991 - 2016 NFPA 1992 - 2018 NFPA 1994
Class 1 - 2018
NFPA 1994
Class 2 - 2018
NFPA 1994
Class 3 - 2018
NFPA 1994
Class 4 - 2018
Scope Hazmat Response Vapor Hazmat Response Liquid Chem/Bio Terrorism Incident Response Vapor Chem/Bio Terrorism Incident Response Vapor Chem/Bio Terrorism Incident Response Liquid Chem/Bio Terrorism Incident Response Particle
Chemical vs Garment Fabric, Seams, Visors, Gloves, Boots Permeation resistance
1 hr vs 21 industrial chemicals, 4 toxic industrial chemicals and warfare agents soman and mustard
Penetration resistance
1 hr vs 10 industrial chemicals
Permeation resistance
1 hr vs 6 toxic industrial chemicals and agents mustard and soman
Permeation resistance
1 hr vs 5 toxic industrial chemicals and agents mustard and soman
Permeation resistance
1 hr vs 5 toxic industrial chemicals and agents mustard and soman
Challenge Level 100% concentration and full contact 100 g/m2 agents 100% concentration and full contact Liquids 20g/m2 Gases 10000 ppm Closed Top Cell Liquids 10g/m2 Gases 350 ppm Closed Top Cell Liquids 10g/m2 Gases 40 ppm Open Top Cell
Breakthrough Criteria Cumulative Permeation 6.0 TIC’s, 4.0 mustard, 1.25 soman ASTM F 903 Visual liquid Cumulative Permeation 6.0 TIC’s, 4.0 mustard, 1.25 soman Cumulative Permeation 6.0 TIC’s, 4.0 mustard, 1.25 soman Cumulative Permeation 6.0 TIC’s, 4.0 mustard, 1.25 soman
System ASTM F 1052
Pressure Test
MIST Inward Leakage
PDDF >488
ASTM F 1359
Shower Test >60min
ASTM F 1359
Shower Test >20 min
ASTM F 1052
Pressure Test
MIST PPDF >441
ASTM F 1359
Shower Test >60 min
MIST PDDF >328
ASTM F 1359
Shower Test >20 min
MIST PDDF >69
ASTM F 1359
Shower Test >4 min
Particle Inward Leakage Test <5%
Flame Resistance ASTM F 1358 Pass
3 second burn only
Flash Option
Flash Option Pass
3 second burn only
Flash Option
Flash Option Flash Option Flash Option
COMFORT Total Heat Loss Evaporative Resistance Option TL >200
Ret <30
TL >200
Ret <30
Viral Resistance ASTM F 1671 FABRIC/ SEAMS Pass Pass Pass Pass
Components Kevlar Glove Specify Respirator Specify Respirator Specify Respirator Specify Respirator
Kappler Products Frontline® 500 F5H582-91
F5H583-91, F5H580-9C, F5H580-9Z
See Note Below* See Note Below*  
*See NFPA Certified Garments below for links to Kappler products certified to the current standard.
NFPA Flame and Thermal Standards Overview
  NFPA 2112 NFPA 1971 NFPA 1991
Scope Flame Resistant Garments for Industrial Personnel Against Flash Fire Ensembles for Structural and Proximity Fire Fighting Vapor Protective Ensembles for Hazardous Materials Emergencies
Flame Resistance ASTM D 6413Cut edge 12 sec w/ <2sec after flame,  <4 in char lengthNo melt or drip ASTM D 6413Cut edge 12 sec w/ <2sec after flame,<4 in char length No melt or drip ASTMF 1358 Folded edge3 sec no ignition 12 sec w/ <10sec after flame and char length <4 inches
TPP Spaced TPP >25 Contact TPP >12.6 Average TPP >35 Contact TPP >12
System ASTMF 1930 Thermoman3 sec <50% Body Burn   Chemical Propane Flashover 7 sec Pass Pressure Test
Heat Stability 500 degrees F for 5minutes, <10% shrinkage 500 degrees F for 5minutes, <10% shrinkage  

Overview of NFPA Standards

Scope
Hazmat Response Vapor
Chemical vs Garment Fabric, Seams, Visors, Gloves, Boots
Permeation resistance. 1 hr vs 21 industrial chemicals, 4 toxic industrial chemicals and warfare agents soman and mustard
Challenge Level
100% concentration and full contact 100 g/m2 agents
Breakthrough Criteria
Cumulative Permeation, 6.0 TIC’s, 4.0 mustard, 1.25 soman
System
ASTM F 1052 Pressure Test, MIST Inward Leakage PDDF >488, ASTM F 1359 Shower Test >60min
Flame Resistance ASTM F 1358
Pass. 3 second burn only. Flash Option
COMFORT ASTM F 1868 Total Heat Loss
Not Required
Viral Resistance ASTM F 1671 FABRIC/ SEAMS
Not Required
Components
Kevlar glove
Kappler Products
Frontline® 500
F5H582-91, F5H583-91, F5H580-9C, F5H580-9Z
Scope
Hazmat Response Liquid
Chemical vs Garment Fabric, Seams, Visors, Gloves, Boots
Penetration resistance. 1 hr vs 10 industrial chemicals
Challenge Level
100% concentration and full contact
Breakthrough Criteria
ASTM F 903 Visual liquid
System
ASTM F 1359 Shower Test >20 min
Flame Resistance ASTM F 1358
Flash Option
COMFORT ASTM F 1868 Total Heat Loss
Not Required
Viral Resistance ASTM F 1671 FABRIC/ SEAMS
Not Required
Components
Kappler Products
See Note Below*
Scope
Chem/Bio Terrorism Incident Response Vapor
Chemical vs Garment Fabric, Seams, Visors, Gloves, Boots
Permeation resistance. 1 hr vs 6 toxic industrial chemicals and agents mustard and soman
Challenge Level
Liquids 20g/m2, Gases 10000 ppm, Closed Top Cell
Breakthrough Criteria
Cumulative Permeation, 6.0 TIC’s, 4.0 mustard, 1.25 soman
System
ASTM F 1052 Pressure Test, MIST PPDF >441, ASTM F 1359, Shower Test >60 min
Flame Resistance ASTMF 1358
Pass. 3 second burn only. Flash Option
COMFORT ASTMF 1868 Total Heat Loss
Not Required
Viral Resistance ASTMF 1671 FABRIC/ SEAMS
Pass
Components
Specify Respirator
Kappler Products
Scope
Chem/Bio Terrorism Incident Response Vapor
Chemical vs Garment Fabric, Seams, Visors, Gloves, Boots
Permeation resistance. 1 hr vs 5 toxic industrial chemicals and mustard and soman
Challenge Level
Liquids 10 g/m2, Gases 350 ppm, Closed Top Cell
Breakthrough Criteria
Cumulative Permeation, 6.0 TIC’s, 4.0 mustard, 1.25 soman
System
MIST PDDF >328, ASTM F 1359 Shower Test >20 min
Flame Resistance ASTMF 1358
Flash Option
COMFORT ASTMF 1868 Total Heat Loss
Option
Viral Resistance ASTMF 1671 FABRIC/ SEAMS
Pass
Components
Specify Respirator
Kappler Products
See Note Below*
Scope
Chem/Bio Terrorism Incident Response Liquid
Chemical vs Garment Fabric, Seams, Visors, Gloves, Boots
Permeation resistance. 1 hr vs 5 toxic industrial chemicals and agents mustard and soman
Challenge Level
Liquids 10 g/m2, Gases 40 ppm, Open Top Cell
Breakthrough Criteria
Cumulative Permeation, 6.0 TIC’s, 4.0 mustard, 1.25 soman
System
MIST PDDF >69, ASTM F 1359 Shower Test >4 min
Flame Resistance ASTMF 1358
Flash Option
COMFORT ASTMF 1868 Total Heat Loss
THL >200
Ret <30
Viral Resistance ASTMF 1671 FABRIC/ SEAMS
Pass
Components
Specify Respirator
Kappler Products
Scope
Chem/Bio Terrorism Incident Response Particle
Chemical vs Garment Fabric, Seams, Visors, Gloves, Boots
Not Required
Challenge Level
Not Required
Breakthrough Criteria
Not Required
System
Particle Inward Leakage Test <5%
Flame Resistance ASTM F 1358
Flash Option
COMFORT ASTM F 1868 Total Heat Loss
THL >450
Ret <30
Viral Resistance ASTM F 1671 FABRIC/ SEAMS
Pass
Components
Specify Respirator
Kappler Products

*See NFPA Certified Garments below for links to Kappler products certified to the current standard.


NFPA Flame and Thermal Standards Overview

Scope
Hazmat Response Vapor
Chemical vs Garment Fabric, Seams, Visors, Gloves, Boots
Permeation resistance 1 hr vs 21 industrial chemicals, 4 toxic industrial chemicals and warfare agents sarin and mustard
Challenge Level
100% concentration and full contact 100 g/m2 agents
Breakthrough Criteria
ASTMF 739 Normalized Rate Agents Cumulative 4.0 mustard, 1.25 sarin
System
ASTMF 1052 Pressure Test SF6 inward leakage ASTMF 1359 Shower Test >60min Flashfire Option 7 second flash propane
Flame Resistance ASTMF 1358
Pass
COMFORT ASTMF 1868 Total Heat Loss
Not Required
Viral Resistance ASTMF 1671 FABRIC/ SEAMS
Not Required
Components
Boots/SCBA
Kappler Products
Frontline® 500 FSH580-91
Scope
Hazmat Response Liquid
Chemical vs Garment Fabric, Seams, Visors, Gloves, Boots
Penetration resistance 1 hr vs 7 industrial chemicals
Challenge Level
100% concentration and full contact
Breakthrough Criteria
ASTMF 903 Visual liquid
System
ASTMF 1359 Shower Test > 20 min
Flame Resistance ASTMF 1358
Not Required
COMFORT ASTMF 1868 Total Heat Loss
Not Required
Viral Resistance ASTMF 1671 FABRIC/ SEAMS
Not Required
Components
Boots/Respirator
Kappler Products
Zytron 300 - Z3H426-92, Z3H427-92, Z3H428-92, Z3H437-92, Z3H576-92, Z3H577-92
Scope
Chem/Bio Terrorism Incident Response Vapor
Chemical vs Garment Fabric, Seams, Visors, Gloves, Boots
Permeation resistance 1 hr vs 5 toxic industrial chemical and mustard and soman
Challenge Level
Liquids 10 g/m2 Gases 350 ppm Closed Top Cell
Breakthrough Criteria
ASTMF 739 Cumulative 6.0 TICs, 4.0 mustard, 1.25 soman
System
MIST PDDF >360 ASTMF 1359 Shower Test > 20 min
Flame Resistance ASTMF 1358
Not Required
COMFORT ASTMF 1868 Total Heat Loss
Not Required
Viral Resistance ASTMF 1671 FABRIC/ SEAMS
Pass
Components
Boots/SCBA
Kappler Products
Zytron 500 Z5HTN-C2

NFPA 701 – Sometimes referenced for protective clothing, intended for home furnishings.

NFPA 702 – Obsolete standard on rating the level of flammability.

Flash Fire – A fire that spreads rapidly through a diffuse fuel, such as dust, gas, or the vapors of an ignitable liquid, without the production of damaging pressure.

Proximity Fire Fighting – Specialized fire fighting operations that can include the activities of rescue, fire suppression and property conservation at incidents involving fires producing high levels of radiant heat, as well as conductive and convective heat.


NFPA Certified Garments

Made with Frontline® 500 Fabric
Front Entry or Rear Entry, Expanded Back, Large AntiFog Visor System, Double Heat Sealed/Taped Seams, Knee Reinforcements, 2 Exhaust Valves, 48" Gas-Tight Urethane Zipper, Double Storm Flaps with FR Hook and Loop Fasteners, Attached Sock Booties with Splash Guards, Field Replaceable 2N1® Glove System and Removable Knitted Kevlar Overgloves.
Style: F5H582-91 (Front Entry)
Style: F5H583-91 (Rear Entry)
Style: F5H580-9C (CE Type 1aET)
Style: F5H580-9Z (Reverse Pull Zipper)
  • Size: XS-5X Color: Silver
  • Quantity: 1/cs Weight: 12 lb / 5.4kg
Coverall made with Zytron® 300 Fabric
Splash Protective Coverall, Elastic Hood Opening with special design for better fit against respirator, with Attached Gloves. Heat Sealed/Taped Seams, Front Zipper extends diagonally across chest up into hood for easier donning/doffing. Urethane Zipper has Double Storm Flaps with Hook and Loop Fasteners. Sock Booties with Splash Guards. Boot Splash Guards have elastic edge. Z3H427-92 has permanently attached 2N1® Glove System. Z3H437-92 has Neoprene Gloves.
Style: Z3H427-92 (double glove)
Style: Z3H437-92 (single glove)
Front Entry, Heat Sealed/Taped
  • Size: XS-5X Color: Tan
  • 6/cs Weight: 9 lb / 4.1 kg

Total Encapsulating Suit made with Zytron 300 Fabric
Splash Protective Total Encapsulating Suit, Front Entry or Rear Entry, Expanded Back, Large PVC Visor, Attached Neoprene Gloves, Sock Booties with Splash Guards, 2 Exhaust Valves, Urethane Zipper has Double Storm Flaps with hook & Loop Fasteners.
Style: Z3H576-92
Rear Entry, Heat Sealed/Taped
  • Size: XS-5X Color: Tan
  • 6/cs Weight: 9 lb / 4.1 kg
Style: Z3H577-92
Front Entry, Heat Sealed/Taped
  • Size: XS-5X Color: Tan
  • 6/cs Weight: 9 lb / 4.1 kg
Made with Zytron 500 Fabric
Front Entry with Expanded Back, Double Heat Sealed/Taped Seams, Large AntiFog Visor System, 2 Exhaust Valves, 48” Gas-Tight PVC Zipper, Double Storm Flaps with Hook and Loop Fasteners, Attached Sock Booties with Splash Guards, Field Replaceable 2N1® Glove System and Removable Knitted Kevlar Overgloves.
Style: Z5HTN-C2
Front Entry
  • Size: XS-5X Color: Orange/Charcoal
  • 1/cs 9 lb / 4.1 kg

Warning: This information is based on technical data that Kappler believes to be reliable. It is subject to revision as additional knowledge and experience are gained. The website will contain Kappler’s most up-to-date product information, and customers who receive pamphlets, brochures or other literature should be aware that such "hard copy" information may not be as current as the information on Kappler’s website. Customers also should recognize that there are uses, environments and chemicals for which Kappler products, garments and/or fabrics are unsuitable. It is the responsibility of the user to review available data and verify that the product, garment and/or fabric is appropriate for the intended use and meets all specified government and/or industry standards. Also, the customer should review all available information on the website to understand the uses — and limitations — on ALL products, garments and fabrics which Kappler makes available. Caution: Do not use for fire protection. Avoid open flame or intense heat.

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